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Monday, June 25, 2012

Roman Legions in Britain in York Caerleon and Chester

There were three permanent military fortresses in Roman Britain each serving as a base for a Roman legion: these were Caerleon (Isca) in Wales, Chester (Deva, pronounced "Dewa") in north west England and York (Eboracum) in the north east.

The Legio II Augusta was based in Caerleon, the Legio IX Hispana at York and the Legio XX Valeria Victrix stationed in Chester.

Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon

Each city has museums and other attractions dedicated to the lengthy Roman presence.

The Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon is free and the visitor is treated to a treasure trove of artefacts from the Roman period (see below).

The Caerleon Fortress Baths is another interesting museum explaining the history of the legion's large bath-house.

In York, there is the Roman Bath Museum (Tel: 01904 620455) and in Chester the Dewa Roman Experience and the Roman Ampitheatre.

Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon

The artefacts at the Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon include a mosaic floor (see below).

Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon

Visitors to the Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon can also view a reproduction of a Roman military barracks (see below) where the soldiers lived.

Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon

National Roman Legion Museum
High Street, Caerleon, Newport
NP18 1AE
Tel: 01633 423 134
Roman Legionary Museum Caerleon Map


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